Plagiarism among international students


To what extent are detection and prevention important considerations when dealing with plagiarism cases among international students?  Refer to the ideas and research conducted by Jocoy & DiBiase (2006) and Kier (2014).


A numerous number of countries around the world have lack of academic integrity resources, which make international students unaware of what plagiarism is. Many students believe that copying from books or internet is appropriate and no one is going to investigate even if a few words. Whilst, the violation of academic integrity is one type of plagiarism, "Plagiarism occurs when a writer deliberately uses someone else's language, ideas, or other original materials without acknowledging its source" (as cited in Jocoy and Dibiase et al., 2006, P.2). This essay will discuss detecting and preventing plagiarism between international student and increase student's awareness of plagiarism.  


Firstly, according to Jocoy and Dibiase (2006) states that significant increase in ability to detect plagiarism has improved in the last ten years, before using the technology widely, the manual detection was limited. For instance, two people’s manually matching papers that contained citations of the same source for literal copying lack paraphrasing (Karlins, 1988 cited in Jocoy and Dibiase et al., 2006)."The use of an automated plagiarism detection service noticeably improved our ability to find and document instances of copy-and-paste plagiarism. Manual decoction missed nearly 4 in 5 cases of plagiarism, such as a paragraph copied word-for-word. " (Jocoy and Dibiase et al.,2006, P.6) these days, technology makes it easier for both student and instructors, students easier to copy and paste from websites and for instructors simply to detect violations (Tenbusch,2002 cited in Jocoy and Dibiase et al.,2006). In addition, many online search engines such as Google allow the investigator to detect copied phrases. Whilst commercially services available, plagiarism detection software and online services (EVE, matching each student paper to online documents or essay to find and give a decision of matching text (Jocoy and Dibiase, Dibiase). Ellery (2008, cited In Kier et al., 2014) plagiarism among Student working in a second language higher than domestic speakers. According to McCabe (2006, cited In Jocoy and Dibiase et al., 2006) state that, there are a number of reasons for this, including common awkwardness with the language and various cultural behavior's toward sharing and idiom of ideas. One more study found that, domestic English speakers involved in more plagiarism that international speakers, there is no reason why their consequence vary from other studies (McGee, 2004, cited In Jocoy and Dibiase et al., 2006). Nowadays, to improve our ability to match and detect online plagiarism within our international student's assignment using various ways. This allowed us to assess and compare the performance of automated and manual ways of plagiarism detection (Jocoy and Dibiase, 2006).   


Secondly, while recognizing the importance of plagiarism detection, educators have a liability to develop and ensure the level of academic integrity, which is a basic dogma of international students (Hersh, 1977, cited In Jocoy and Dibiase et al., 2006). There have been many types of research to prevent plagiarism, some of them were effective more than others. Some mention that students who received instruction about preventing plagiarism later plagiarized less than other students without instruction, but still stick to do plagiarized acts (Jocoy & Dibiase, 2006, cited In Kier et al., 2014). According to Landau (2002, cited In Kier et al., 2014) study, better than giving feedback to students should present them to "real-world" example of plagiarism to improve their ability to recognize the plagiarism and their paraphrasing. Barry (2006, cited In Kier et al., 2014) found that the students who exercise on paraphrasing have significant improvement in definitions of plagiarism and also were significantly better than students without such exercises. However, by engaging the class in four sessions, using six student-to-student paraphrasing practices was a success (Shirley, 2004, cited In Kier et al., 2014) some instructors found this method too time-consuming. Vardi (2012, cited In Kier et al., 2014) study, helping students to achieve "authorial identity" has resulted in a promising approach, these engaging students to foster their own voices. However, another approach comes from Kirsch (2012, cited In Kier et al., 2014) who make a seminar with interactive multimedia performances and information relating to plagiarism, paraphrasing, citation and more other activities. Theirs is a work in advance, but they were able to understand that students have most awkwardness in paraphrasing and widespread knowledge, even after taking the seminar. It seems that more survey is necessary to determine the situation in which practice is useful and probably the type of exercise that suit special international students.  


To conclude, understand Academic integrity is very important to prevent plagiarism and improve ways to detect plagiarism among international students. I think there are many methods to detect and prevent plagiarism, "To learning proper citation rules and how to avoid plagiarism, are essential skills for students in higher education" (Kier et al., 2014, P.6), focusing more on how to avoid plagiarism more than detect it will be the best method for international students.  



  • Jocoy & DiBiase (2006) Plagiarism by Adult Learners Online: A case study in detection and remediation* 
  • Kier (2014) How well do Canadian distance education student understand plagiarism? * 
  • Karlins, M., Michaels, C., and Podlogar, S., (1988) An empirical investigation of actual cheating in a large sample of undergraduates. Research in Higher Education 29(4), 359-364. 
  • Soto, J., Anand, S., and McGee, E. (2004, July/August). Plagiarism Avoidance: An empirical study examining teaching strategies. Journal of College Science Teaching 33(7), 42-48. Tenbusch, J. P. (2002). Keeping student honest in the electronic age. 
  • Ellery, K. (2008). Undergraduate plagiarism: A pedagogical perspective. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 33(5), 507–516. 
  • McCabe, D. L., and Pavela, G. (n.d.). Ten principles of academic integrity. College Administration Publications, Inc. Retrieved April 13, 2006 
  • Kohlberg. L., and Hersh, R. H. (1977). Moral Development: A review of the theory. Theory Into Practice, 16(2), 53 – 59. 
  • Barry, E. S. (2006). Can paraphrasing practice help students define plagiarism? College Student Journal, 40(2), 377-384. 
  • Shirley, S. (2004). The art of paraphrase. Teaching English in the Two Year College, 32(2), 186-188. 
  • Vardi, I. (2012): Developing students’ referencing skills: A matter of plagiarism, punishment, and morality or of learning to write critically? Higher Education Research & Development, 31(6), 921-930. 
  • Kirsch, B. A., & Bradley, L. (2012). Distance education and plagiarism prevention at the University Of South Carolina Upstate. Journal Of Library & Information Services in Distance Learning, 6(2), 79-99. 


Note: you may face some mistakes with sentence structures.


Problem Based Learning (PBL)


Problem Based Learning (PBL)

Traditional learning methods such as an independent study and classical way to learn in class, it does not give students motivations to study widely. However, a good activity method to engage students to work in teams using the Problem Based Learning (PBL) approach, is better than memorizing the information to learn and apply it to solve a problem. It seems that Problem Based Learning (PBL) approach can result increasing in students’ motivation. This essay will examine the features which make Problem Based Learning (PBL) successful and how PBL could impact on the computer science course.

     Firstly, one of the most important features of PBL is to motivate students to work together in groups to the solve problems. Meanwhile, students can share their knowledge with other students in the same group or different groups, this will result felling the gap between the students. For example, William (2010) study, by comparing the performance of the 'Chemical Principal' student's test, from the same period with final test marks between 2004 to 2007, by reducing the number of lectures and increasing the number on PBL, by analyzing the result of the comparison found the focusing on PBL made a positive effect on the student performance. (William et al, 2010) Therefore, students can be engaged with other students from different disciplines not only the same subject they are studying, this gives students chance to build them communicate and personal skills.

      Secondly, applying PBL in the computer science gives students great opportunity to work and communicate with other students in the same group or different group. And at the same, it's great chance to improve their communications skills to be prepared for their future career. For instances, in order to solve problems in computer science, students working together to identify and solve an algorithmically problem in Artificial intelligence course, to give the best solution students need to work in groups to compare many lines of code and choose faster and easier algorithm to solve the problems without making efforts on the CPU. So, the conclusion from our explanation PBL made successful ways by encouraging computer science students to work together in groups to solve and reach the optimized solution for Artificial intelligence algorithmic problem.

      This essay has described the features of Problem based learning (PBL) and discuss the possibility to apply PBL on Computer Science course. To sum up, by applying PBL on the first academic year can help students to make friends, in the hardest year give them chance to socializes, this benefit in improving their study and the future career (William,2010). As a consequence, PBL teaching method can be used in all disciplines, to improve the student ability to learn.



Note: you may face some mistakes with sentence structures.


using CCTV to decrease the rate of crimes and discuss the possibility of using CCTV in university camps.


Using CCTV to decrease the rate of crimes and discuss the possibility of using CCTV in university camps.

These days, the crime rate is increasing and people trying to find solutions to prevent crime. One of the best methods to reduce the crime is CCTV cameras. Overall, it seems that CCTV system good way to help a society to prevent crime and it can be useful to use on a university campus. This essay will argue the benefits of using CCTV to decrease the rate of crimes and discuss the possibility of using CCTV in university camps.

    There are several benefits of using CCTV cameras to protect streets from crimes and make it more secure. And it also protects private properties banks, restaurants, airport and bus stops and traffic control system (Brown, 2002).

    Brown (2002) states there are many studies about the impact of using CCTV cameras to reduce crimes, the studies were over the period 1995 to 1999 between different cities in the UK. As a result, this study found that CCTV helps people to prevent the crime from a controlled area. Whilst, the crime rate increased in all the surrounding areas without CCTV system. For example, Birmingham in 1995 the main point was a reduction in motor theft 17%, the same for Doncaster in 1999 a significant change in traffic offense -57%. In other hands, both studies show the increase in other crime categories has been increased (Brown, 2002). It seems that with the big amount of money spent on CCTV system still, there are many gaps that need to be solved.


     There are many advantages of using CCTV cameras on a university campus, the primary feature of CCTV is protecting students and university campus from disruptive activities. For instance, installing CCTV system around the university areas can give an early alert to the securities from any strange person who does not belong to the university and any anti-student behavior and preventing violence among the students, At the same time can be used to observe students during the exams.


    This essay argued the benefits of using CCTV to reduce the rate of crimes and discuss the possibility of using CCTV in university camps. To conclude CCTV system can help to prevent crime if it will be applied everywhere without exceptions. As well as, CCTV cameras can protect university campus and ensuring peace to the students and the university.



Note: you may face some mistakes with sentence structures.